The fiber and service provider density is typically governed by the demand. For the sites along I-95 (the"Turnpike") there are a raft of choices, however, in rural locations away from the Turnpike, the predominant service networks in the area are the incumbent telephone company and cable TV company, Frontier and Comcast respectively, in this region. Comcast is arguably one of the most advanced cable network operators in the U.S., and has upgraded many of its networks to accommodate high-capacity and enterprise business-level services. In addition, the presence of casinos in the area has created enough demand to attract an alternative access provider, Crown Castle (Lightower). Lightower has built diverse networks into the region. Atlantic Broadband also has infrastructure in the region.
Area Fiber Key Features
Latency is a critical requirement for many applications, making it a concern whenever an end-user is considering where to place their network gear. Lower latency designs can be achieved with proper engineering and procurement steps. Some characteristics of the available sites include:
Immediate availability of a high-capacity fiber network that can support path diversity
Potential long-haul access based on historical precedent
Less than 5 millisecond RT latency away from the key data centers and carrier hotels in NYC (furthest)
Within 55 miles of an interconnection data center (Providence RI and Trumbull CT)
Within 5 milliseconds of the financial services trading platforms
Within 6.5 milliseconds of international cable systems. The majority of the data traffic inbound or outbound for the EU and Canada flows through New York City or Boston due to the highly developed infrastructure and submarine cable systems that are in place.
Several providers in the target area have long-haul fiber routes that traverse on the same basic right-of- way, which begins on the Amtrak route out of New York City and heads northeast. Sprint and AT&T also have a separate path, which parallels the northeast corridor rail-bed. In addition, Lightower's metropolitan fiber network is robust and proliferate enough to qualify as an intermediate long-haul system.
Target Areas Long-Haul
Currently, there are three (3) physically separate metro network systems can be used to service the facility areas, excluding the private government fiber, shared infrastructure or long-haul networks. The available providers and their respective paths could provide all necessary services, redundancy and interconnections to meet most requirements. Additionally, Crown Castle may be able to provide dark fiber services that some clients or customers demand. One of the most important aspects to consider when it comes to site selection is ensuring that there is a diversely configured fiber network in place.